In this paper, the author propose some child care support policies which should be introduced in Japan by comparing the social welfare of Finland and that of Japan in both historical and constitutional perspectives. In Finland, the social welfare of any kind has been intended to restore and/or enhance individual’s ability of social engagement and independence supported basically by the Finnish Constitution. In Japan, on the other hand, the policy has been considered as that for the physically and/or economically weak, which is reflected in the Japanese Constitution. Thus it has not had such consistent and positive attitudes towards its recipients as those in the Finnish welfare policy. These attitudes, therefore, should be purposefully introduced into Japanese child care policies if it intends to foster independent and dutiful children in a democratic society. In this context, child-rearing in a traditional community of Japan also gives us suggestions of much value.